Savoring A Glass Of Wine : What Makes Your Wine Sing
When you reach for a glass of wine and pour your favorite, particularly after a stressful day, or to unwind with buddies – do you ever think about what is inside it??
Aside from grapes (that we all know), patience and passion, it’s mostly water and alcohol in wine. In fact, it is this intoxicating agent also called ethanol, which is what makes you drunk!!
Did you know that some wines are watered down, not as a tactic to fill up the bottle but to even the wine’s balance by bringing down alcohol level??
What’s fascinating is that there is this tiny fraction of ‘other stuff’ in wine which influences the color, the taste and the aroma of your drink, makes it a natural flavor enhancer especially for beef recipes. This is where wine starts to get interesting!
Find out what are the things which are swirling in your Glass of Wine
The grapes from which wine is extracted are acidic and that’s why wine has an acidic pH. They can be extremely sour (2.5 pH) to extremely flat (4.5 pH). White wines are sourer than reds as they have a higher acidity.
You read it right. Yeast has a role in the preparation of wine. During the early stages of winemaking, yeast converts sugar into alcohol when oxygen is being withheld from the grapes.
Sugar is the agent which assists yeast in fermenting. This is the process of ‘chaptalization’ when sugar like fructose and glucose are added to grape juice during fermentation. The sugar gets broken down and converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide by yeast.
There are various minerals including iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc, calcium, manganese and phosphorus. Wine drinkers get 4% of daily diet of minerals but do not contribute to any taste of minerality in wine. Interesting fact- Red wines have a higher minerals content than white wine.
Esters are the personal perfumes of the wine so the aroma in wine is attributed to them. When acids interact with alcohol, esters are created and they slowly change along with the evolution of wine. Yeast, which ferments the wine helps Esters to add to the raspberry and strawberry-like flavors in red wines green apple and flower- like flavors in white wines.
Phenols are a large group of chemical compounds that contribute a wide variety of aromas and tastes in wine. In fact, this is the element of wine that is responsible for making it the perfect accompaniment of chocolate. Phenols come from several sources including the wine grapes themselves and the process of aging wine.
Sulfites are preservative added to the wine. They do not add any flavor of wine and are must be less than 350 parts per million. White wines tend to contain more sulfites than red wines and sweet wine contains more sulfites than dry wines.
The next time you are sitting on your porch after a long day or on the dinner table in a French restaurant, sipping your favorite wine or experimenting with something new- you can charm your friends or your partner with your knowledge of what’s really inside their wine glass.